Chagas disease

Enlargement of the colon megacolon. Most people do not need to be hospitalized during treatment. For example, pacemakers and medications for irregular heartbeats may be life saving for some patients with chronic cardiac disease.

After they bite and ingest blood, they defecate poop on the person. Blood donations in all endemic Latin American countries undergo Chagas screening, and testing is expanding in countries, such as France, Spain and the United States, that have significant or growing populations of immigrants from endemic areas.

Some measures of vector control include: A yeast trap can be used for monitoring infestations of certain species of triatomine bugs Triatoma sordida, Triatoma brasiliensis, Triatoma pseudomaculata, and Panstrongylus megistus.

The mechanisms that explain why Chagas targets the parasympathetic autonomic nervous system and spares the sympathetic autonomic nervous system remain poorly understood.

Once inside the host, the trypomastigotes invade cells, where they differentiate into intracellular amastigotes.

chagas disease treatment

If you have any questions about the parasites described above or think that you may have a parasitic infection, consult a health-care provider. Infected bugs defecate after feeding, leaving behind T.

chagas disease symptoms

These insects can become infected by T. For example, pacemakers and medications for irregular heartbeats, such as the anti-arrhythmia drug amiodaronemay be life saving for some patients with chronic cardiac disease, [47] while surgery may be required for megaintestine. You can become infected if you rub the waste in your eyes or nose, the bite wound, or a cut.

chagas disease map

Vector control is the most effective method of prevention in Latin America. Trypanosoma cruzi infection is curable if treatment is initiated soon after infection.

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Chagas disease (American trypanosomiasis)